Wednesday, December 28, 2011
North Korea’s Kim Jong Il dead at 69
Sunday, December 25, 2011
France which fake stabs freedom of speech by criminalizing any person who denies or disputes the so called "The Armenian Massacre" one hundred years ago or less.
In the mean time the Turkish Parliament should criminalize any one who disputes the "Algerian Genocide by the French".
Turkey Freezes Ties With France over Genocide-Denial Bill Turkey froze political and military relations with France in retaliation for the approval by the French parliament’s lower chamber of a measure that makes it a crime to deny genocide against Armenians a century ago.
The government recalled its ambassador from Paris for consultations, canceled a joint meeting of economy and trade ministers in January, and halted all programs for training and cultural affairs, Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan said yesterday in televised remarks in Ankara following the vote.
Turkey has been warning France for the past week that its fast-growing economy means it can hurt companies such as Airbus SAS and Electricite de France SA if the measure goes through. It was presented by a member from the party of President Nicolas Sarkozy, who is seeking re-election in April and trailing his socialist opponent in the polls.
French carmaker Renault SA employs 6,800 people in Turkey and is pressing on with production because the “French decision is a political development,” Ibrahim Aybar, chief executive officer of Renault Mais, Renault’s Turkey sales unit, said today in an interview with CNBC-e television.
French carmakers including Renault control a fifth of Turkey’s auto market and French banks including BNP Paribas SA have assets in the country exceeding $20 billion. French direct investment in Turkey between 2002 and 2010 was $4.8 billion, the Turkish Embassy in Paris said.
Turkey-France ties fray over Armenia genocide bill.
France today is one of the most modern countries in the world and is a leader among European nations. It plays an influential global role as a ...
- Total Area: 643,801 sq km; 551,500 sq km (metropolitan France)
- Population: 65,630,692 (July 2012 est.)
- Capital: Paris
- Time Difference: UTC+1
- GDP: $2.214 trillion (2011 est
Turkey and France in diplomatic row over Armenian genocide bill
North Korea proclaimed the beginning of the Kim Jong Un era on Thursday 22 December 2011, describing him as the "successor" of the nation's revolutionary undertakings "and leader of its people." Kim Jong Un, the youngest of Kim Jong-il's three sons, holds the military rank of a four-star general, despite having little military experience and being in his late 20s. In a dispatch late Saturday 23 December 2011, the official Korean Central News Agency called General Kim the "supreme leader of the revolutionary armed forces." Earlier Saturday, KCNA hailed Mr. Kim as "supreme commander" - the first use of that title, also used by his late father. And on Monday 22 December 2011, the Communist Party's Rodong Sinmun referred to Kim Jong Un as leader of the ruling Workers' Party Central Committee, a post that gave Kim Jong Un power over one of the country's highest decision-making bodies.
On 25 June 2010 the official Korean Central News Agency reported that the Korean Workers' Party would convene a meeting in early September 2010 to elect its "highest leading body". This was generally viewed as a step toward holding a Party Congress [which had not been convened since 1980], which could herald a transfer of power designating leader Kim Jong Il's third son, Kim Jong Un, as his successor.
Monday, December 19, 2011
|Born||5 October 1936(1936-10-05)|
(now Czech Republic)
|Died||18 December 2011(2011-12-18) (aged 75)|
Vlčice, Czech Republic
the first President of the Czech Republic
Sunday, December 11, 2011
Diem and the Nhus were Catholic. Most Vietnamese were Buddhists. No political opposition parties were allowed in South Vietnam. As opposition to the government increased, more Vietnamese became attracted to Buddhism. Ngo Dinh Thuc, brother of President Diem, was the Catholic Archbishop of Hue, the center of Buddhism in Vietnam. In early 1963 there was a celebration in Hue to commemorate Thuc’s twenty-five years as bishop. Both Vietnamese and Roman Catholic flags were flown, which violated a law which permitted only the Vietnamese flag be flown in public. This event was followed by Buddha’s 2,587th birthday, and the Buddhists in Hue wanted to fly their flag. When the Diem government prohibited this, thousands of Buddhists demonstrated in protest. Nine were killed when government troops fired into the demonstrators. U. S. Ambassador William Trueheart urged Diem to make peace with the Buddhists by admitting fault, paying indemnity, and issuing a public apology for the incident. Instead the government blamed the Buddhists’ death on the Viet Cong. When the Buddhists continued to demonstrate, the government banned demonstrations. The Buddhist crisis had begun, and escalated.
When the government response to their grievances proved unsatisfactory, Buddhist monks and nuns began a series of hunger strikes. Rioting in Hue turned violent and government troops fought back. Anti-government demonstrations by the Buddhists spread throughout the country. In Saigon, on June 11 1963, an old Buddhist monk squatted on the street near the Xa Loi pagoda. Gasoline was poured over his head. The monk lit a match and set himself aflame. Thich Quang Duc was the first of seven Buddhists to protest the Diem regime with suicide by immolation.
The US was stunned by the Buddhist suicides, and urged Diem to make some sort of settlement. Showing she was made of sterner stuff, Madame Nhu called for beating the monks “ten times over” and referred to the suicides as a “monk barbecue show.” Not to be outdone, Nhu commented “If the Buddhists wish to have another barbecue I will be glad to supply the gasoline and a match.” Pressured by the Americans, Diem finally met with Buddhist leaders. A communiqué was issued and signed by Diem. When Madame Nhu learned of this she accused Diem of cowardice and called him a jellyfish for even negotiating.
Positions hardened. The Buddhist protests, originally religious, became overtly political. Their support increased. Nhu claimed the Buddhists were rebels and their movement was communist infiltrated. Diem and the Nhus wanted to crush the Buddhists but were restrained by the Americans, who professed a belief in religious freedom and urged the government to reform. The crisis extended into the fall, and worsened. The Nhus complained Diem was too soft on the Buddhists. There were rumors both the military and Nhu were planning anti-Diem coups.
Nhu considered the Vietnamese Special Forces his private army. On August 21 1963, he ordered hundreds of them to attack the Xa Loi pagoda with guns, tear gas, and grenades. The Buddhists barricaded themselves inside. After two hours of fighting over 100 monks were arrested and taken away. Madame Nhu grated an interview the day after the pagoda raid. She “was in a state of euphoria, chattering like a schoolgirl after a prom.” She told the reporter the government had crushed “the Communist-Buddhists” and referred to the event as “the happiest day of my life since we crushed the Binh Xugen in 1955.”
After long deliberation, our Buddhist Student Union in Saigon joined with the leadership of the National Buddhist Congregation in its struggle for religious liberty, endorsing their open letter and petition to the government:
The presidential decree banning the Buddhist flag must be rescinded.
Everyone must be granted the same freedoms as those guaranteed the Catholics under the French regime, including freedom to assemble. The National Buddhist Congregation must enjoy the same status as the Catholic Church and not be considered merely an association.
The arrests of Buddhists must stop.
Buddhists must be given the freedom to practice the Buddha's teachings.
The families of those who were crushed by the tanks must be compensated, and those who did the killing must be arrested and brought to trial.
The High Patriarch of the National Buddhist Congregation, Thay Tinh Khiet, signed the petition and added these five principles:
Buddhists have never aimed at overthrowing any regime. We only wish to change policies that discriminate against us.
Buddhists have no enemies. Our struggle is not against the Catholics but against discrimination. Buddhists never wish to fight another religion.
The Buddhist struggle for a fair religious policy is part of the struggle for social justice in all of Vietnam.
Buddhists vow to follow a nonviolent path, practicing the teachings of the Awakened One during the struggle itself. Because of our commitment to nonviolence, we Buddhists are ready to sacrifice ourselves in the spirit of understanding and love. We want more than just a change of policy. We want the spirit of love and understanding to inspire and transform the hearts and minds of all people, including those in government.
Buddhists will not let any political force make use of our struggle.
In the early morning hours of August 20, 1963, the army's special forces raided the most important strongholds of the Buddhist movement throughout the country and arrested more than 2,000 monks and nuns in their temples along with active Buddhist laypeople in their homes, including many of my friends. The police in Saigon ransacked Xa Loi Temple, An Quang Pagoda, and several other temples. One monk at Xa Loi, whom they thought was Thay Giac Duc, one of the most eloquent speakers for the Buddhist demonstrations, was beaten to death right on the spot.
The most comprehensive interpretation of the flag is to be found on bladi.net, 19 August 2006. The text seems to have been copied from another, uncredited source.
The flag is said to have been designed by the Berber Academy (Agraw Imazighen).
Blue (amidad) represents the Mediterranean Sea, whose shores have been inhabited by the Imazighen for millenaries.
Green (azegzaw) represents the green land, which has been cultivated by the Imazighen since the Prehistoric times.
Yellow (awragh) represents the Sahara, as the Tuaregs' domain, but also joy and gold.
Accordingly, the three colours represent North Africa, from its Mediterranean shore in the north to the Sahara desert in the south, and the attachement of the Imazighen to their land.
The Imazighen red emblem represents both the eternal life and the blood shed by the martyres. As the symbol of the free men defending their culture, it watches and enlightens Tamazgha, the Imazighens' country (the whole of North Africa and the Saharian immensity).
The flag represents the harmony of the human beings with their land.
The anthropomorphic emblem has been known since the Prehistoric times. Its modern meaning, as the symbol of the Imazighen people, is to be credited to Muhend Aarav Bessaoud, founder of the Berber Academy in 1966. The emblem can be worn on a medal, on a ring or on a bell clasp to express support to the Imazighen cause.
The Berber flag was the subject of a thread started on 9 May 2002 on kabyle.com, no longer online.
Here again, fhe flag is said to have been designed by the Berber Academy under the guidance of Muhend Aarav Bessaoud. The creation date is given as "early 1978". A contributor ot the thread says that Bessaoud has modernized the meaning of the colours, which were originally parts of the Kabyle jewelry, the three stripes as enamels and red as coral cabochons. The original meaning of the colours is said to be the following.
Blue represents water from the sky and yellow the sun heath; the combination of these two natural phenomena allows agricultural production.
Red represents the night star, that is the moon and, in the Berber symbolics, the woman. Indeed the woman is cooking (and cooking requires magic) on the family holy fire.
Another contributor claims that the flag has been used since millenaries and the times of the great Berber chiefs. He further adds that the flag was used during the negociations that led to the Évian agreement (18 March 1962) and the end of the independence war in Algeria. Krim Belkacem, responsible of the Kabylian zone during the war and leader of the FLN delegation at Évian, was welcomed with two flags, the French flag and the Berber flag. The contributor says he is 24 years old, therefore he could not have been an eyewitness at Évian. I have not found any other record of a Berber flag used at Évian.
According to an interview of Ould Slimane Salem, the Berber Academy was created in 1966 by young Berbers, most of them being Kabyles, to restore the use of the Tifinagh language and propose a standardized alphabet. Renamed Berber Assembly (Agraw Imazighen) in 1967, the movement was suppressed in 1978 by the French authorities upon pressure by President of Algeria Houari Boumediene. It seems thatBessaoud was involved in violent acts and, maybe, racket against supporters of the FLN in Paris, which was a convenient pretext to get rid of him and of the Berber Academy.
Muhend Aarav Bessaoud (1924-2002), appointed officer in Kabylia during the war of independence, struggled against the new rulers after the independence, from 1963 to 1965, and exiled to France in 1966, where he created the Berber Academy. After the suppression of the Academy, Bessaoud was expelled to England and was prevented to return to Kabylia until 1997. Bessaoud is considered as the spiritual father of Berberism.
Ivan Sache, 31 December 2008