Tuesday, July 26, 2011

South Sudan Provinces Map and Topography

Independent on July-09-2011.
Image of the livelihood zones in South Sudan
Fewsnet, November 2009

Crop Production and Horticulture: There are various ecological zones in South Sudan and all areas have the capacity for crop production. In particular the greenbelt zone has high agricultural potential, as there are two cropping seasons. The main crops currently grown in South Sudan include maize, sorghum, finger millet, cassava, sweet potato and groundnuts. Main fruit varieties include bananas, plantain, pineapple, mango and citrus whilst the main vegetable varieties are onion, okra, cabbage, eggplant, pumpkin and cucumber.
Livestock: Livestock form an integral part of the lives of over two thirds of the South Sudanese population. In particular, it is a major source of livelihoods in the flood plains, semi-arid and pastoral areas. The Government of the Republic of South Sudan has estimated that there are approximately eleven million cattle in South Sudan. In the past, meat was exported from South Sudan to the Middle East. Presently, the majority of the meat now produced in the Country could be classified as organic.
Fisheries and Aquaculture: The world’s longest river, the River Nile, flows through South Sudan and also provides large potential for development of fisheries. In particular, it has been estimated that in the Sudd area of South Sudan, there is a production potential for 100,000 – 300,000 MT of fish per year. Furthermore, there is large potential for aquaculture development in Central Equatoria, Eastern Equatoria, Western Equatoria, Northern Bahar Gazal, Western Bahar Gazal and Warrap States.
Forestry: Forests make up 29% of the land area of South Sudan, which amounts to approximately 191,667km2. These forests provide sources for high-grade timber, including teak, mahogany and ebony. The teak plantation is the largest of its kind in the world. Furthermore, the forests provide for the production of high quality oils, such as shea, as well as Gum Arabic. These are also areas of high biodiversity with large, diverse populations of flora and fauna.
Land Tenure: In South Sudan, the land belongs to the people. The Land Act (2009) classified land ownership into three categories, Communal Land, Public Land and Private Land. All the people fall under at least one of the three categories. Land that belongs to the Community is owned collectively in perpetuity. Non-citizen private investors can acquire leaseholds up to 99 years. It is also possible for them to access communal land by making an official agreement with the community, including the promotion of alternate business models that cater to the needs of the local populations such as giving communities an equity stake in the venture. These agreements must be sanctioned by the land authorities and must follow certain rules.
Farmer Base: Most farmers in South Sudan are subsistence farmers; however, there are also a good number of farmer organizations such as associations, cooperatives and unions. These farmer groups, as well as individual farmers, are always willing to explore business opportunities with their full participation.

Saturday, July 23, 2011

Tragic Bombing in Oslo, Norway

So much violence in the world. Why far away Norway?

Tuesday, July 19, 2011

Tamazight Official Language in Morocco King Muhamed VI June-17-2011

On June 17th, 2011, King Mohammed VI announced in a speech of new constitutional reform that "Tamazight" became an official language of Morocco alongside Arabic and will be used in all the administrations in the future.

Friday, July 8, 2011

South Sudan World Newest Nation

THE LAND: Sudan is currently the largest country in Africa but on Saturday will lose the Texas-sized south, which becomes its own nation. South Sudan shares a 1,300 mile- (2,100-kilometer-) border with northern Sudan. South Sudan also will border Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia, Central African Republic and Congo.


THE PEOPLE: The south's population is disputed. A 2008-09 census found that it had 8.26 million, but the southern government argued that the south has between 11 million and 13 million. Of more than 200 ethnic groups, the majority practice traditional or indigenous faiths and Christians remain in the minority. The percentage of southern Muslims is much smaller, though immigrants from the north who practice Islam are well represented in the southern capital.


CHALLENGES: It is one of the least developed regions in the world, where an estimated 85 percent of the population is illiterate. The U.N. says a 15-year-old girl in Southern Sudan has a higher chance of dying in childbirth than finishing school. There was only a mile or two of pavement in its capital just a little over a year ago. Food prices have soared in recent months and unemployment is high: Many southerners are self-sustaining cattlekeepers or farmers, while others subsist off small sales of tea and other goods.


THE ECONOMY: Sudan is sub-Saharan Africa's third-largest oil producer, and the south should assume control of more than 75 percent of the daily oil production of 490,000 barrels. But negotiations between north and south over the future of the oil industry — worth billions per year — are mired in dispute.

Oil earnings have accounted for about 98 percent of the south's budget the past six years, and the government has said diversifying its economy is a priority. The southern government recently called for the U.S. to lift its sanctions on Sudan, which currently prohibit U.S. companies from investing in the country.

Reserves of copper, gold, and tin could prove to be an asset to the new country's economy but could spark further problems with the north. Vast tracts of arable land in the south are ripe for commercial agriculture, and watchdog groups have warned of the risk of "land-grabbing" by foreign investors due to the lack of regulation by the young government